Nur Azlin Razali*, Zaipun Md Zain, Razali Mustaffa, Habsah Mohamad, See Lin Tham, Siti Aisyah Abdullah

Horticulture Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Selangor, Malaysia


Download Citation: |
Download PDF


ABSTRACT


The shelf life of mature-dropped durian especially the premium clone Musang King (D197) is very short when store at ambient temperature without any packaging compared to other varieties. Current commercial practice is to vacuum packing the fruit using plastic material of nylon with 0.1mm thickness, helps in avoiding dehiscence up to 7 days storage. However, due to vacuum environment, there is an alteration in taste of the flesh and the core of the fruit become browning. Shrink-wrapping has potential to be used as the plastic material comes in many types and thicknesses. A study was conducted in which durian were packed in two types of packaging, vacuum-packing using nylon bag 0.1mm and shrink-wrapping using LDPE bag 0.04mm. Unpacked fruit was set as control. The quality, gas in the package and incidence of dehiscence were observed during 21 days’ storage. By shrink-wrapping the whole fruit durian, it reduced the weight loss and retained the freshness as well as the taste and overall acceptability are still accepted. The storage life of shrink-wrapped durian can be extended up to 14 days at 5°C without any dehiscence occur and maintained the fruit quality.


Keywords: Modified atmosphere, Chilling injury, Dehiscence, Fruit quality, Postharvest, Vacuum-packing.


Share this article with your colleagues

 


REFERENCES


  1. Borman, M.R., Gabriel, D.S., Nurcahyo, R. 2019. Impact of plastic packaging design on the sustainability of plastic recyclers. Int. J. Appl. Sci. Eng. 16.

  2. Husin, N.A., Rahman, S., Karunakaran, R., Bhore, S.J. 2018. A review on the nutritional, medicinal, molecular and genome attributes of Durian (Durio zibethinus L.), the King of fruits in Malaysia. Bioinformation. 14, 265–270.

  3. Kader, A.A. 1980. Prevention of ripening in fruits by use of controlled atmospheres. Food Technol. 34, 3–51.

  4. Kader, A.A. 1994. Regulation of fruit physiology by controlled/modified atmospheres. Postharvest Physiology of Fruits. 398, 59–70.

  5. Khurnpoon, L., Siriphanich, J., Labavitch, J.M. 2008. Cell wall metabolism during durian fruit dehiscence. Postharvest Biol. and Technol. 48, 391–401.

  6. Marsh, K., Bugusu, B. 2007. Food packaging—roles, materials, and environmental issues. J. Food Sci. 72, 39–55.

  7. Nur Azlin, R., Latifah, M.N., Siti Aisyah, A., Pauziah, M., Zaipun, M.Z., Nurul Adibah, M., Zainab, M.Y., Hairiyah, M., Habsah, M., Razali, M., Zaulia, O., Nur Syafini, G., Joanna, C.L.Y., Nur Alisha, O. 2016. Simulation studies for export of minimally processed durian by air shipment to Hong Kong. Acta Hortic. 1141, 283–288.

  8. Paull, R.E., Chen, N.J. 1989. Waxing and plastic wraps influence water loss from papaya fruit during storage and ripening. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 114, 937–942.

  9. Pesis, E., Arie, R.B., Feygenberg, O., Villamizar, F. 2005. Ripening of ethylene-pretreated bananas is retarded using modified atmosphere and vacuum packaging. HortScience. 40, 726–731.

  10. Robertson, G.L. 2005. Food packaging: principles and practice. CRC press.

  11. Siriphanich, J., Hassan, A., Kosittrakun, M., Lizada, M.C. 1994. Physiology. In S. Nanthachai (ed.). Durian – fruit development, maturity, handling and marketing in ASEAN. 48–57. Malaysia: ASEAN Food Handling Bureau.

  12. Sriyook, S., Siriatiwat, S., Siriphanich, J. 1994. Durian fruit dehiscence - water status and ethylene. HortScience. 29, 1195–1198.

  13. Thakur, A.K., Kumar, R., Shambhu, V.B., Singh, I.S. 2017. Effectiveness of Shrink-wrap packaging on extending the Shelf-life of Apple. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 6, 2365–2374.

  14. Yam, K.L., Takhistov, P.T., Miltz, J. 2005. Intelligent packaging: concepts and applications. J. Food Sci. 70, 1–10.


ARTICLE INFORMATION


Received: 2019-10-05
Revised: 2020-02-07
Accepted: 2020-09-15
Publication Date: 2020-12-01


Cite this article:

Razali, N.A., Zain, Z.M., Mustaffa, R., Mohamad, H., Tham, S.L., Abdullah, S.A. 2020. Shrink-wrap packaging extend the storage life of mature-dropped durian. International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, 17, 325–330. https://doi.org/10.6703/IJASE.202012_17(4).325

  Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.