International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering
Published by Chaoyang University of Technology

Dwi Kurniawan1*, Adri Nora2, Rheysa Permata Sari3

1 Industrial Engineering Master Program, Institut Teknologi Nasional Bandung, Jl. PKH Mustapa 23 Bandung 40124, Indonesia

2 Health Science Faculty, Universitas Esa Unggul, Jl. Arjuna Utara No.9, Kb. Jeruk, Jakarta 11510, Indonesia

3 PT Tumbuh Sukses Nastar, Gedung Technology Business Incubation Center, Gn. Sindur, Bogor 16340, Indonesia


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Despite having abundant of natural sources of vitamin A, Indonesia currently imports all its need for vitamin A, which amounted to 683 tons in 2018. This paper evaluated possible alternatives and recommended the best scheme to establish a domestic vitamin A industry based on technical, economic and social aspects. Possible natural sources for producing vitamin A were discussed and the best choice was selected. Then, the most suitable vitamin A product and process were designed together with a financial scheme to enable its operation. Our analysis showed that the best ingredient to produce local vitamin A industry is crude palm oil (CPO), processed through extraction using hexane and isopropanol as solvents and HP-20 DIAION as adsorbent, resulting high concentrate beta carotene and light-colored CPO for further palm cooking oil production. The proposed business scheme was to integrate the proposed industry with an existing palm cooking oil industry for a guaranteed raw material supply and further process into palm cooking oil. Investment required in this design was IDR 108.3 billion (USD 7.3 million) for a capacity of 100 kg/day (35 ton/year) with expected 63.6% internal rate of return and 3 years payback period.

Keywords: Crude palm oil (CPO), Vitamin A, Beta carotene, Extraction, Net present worth.

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Received: 2023-03-28
Revised: 2023-05-24
Accepted: 2023-06-01
Available Online: 2023-07-13

Cite this article:

Kurniawan, D., Nora, A., Sari, R.P. 2023. Product, process and net present worth analysis of a palm oil-based beta carotene industry. International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, 20, 2023073.

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