International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering
Published by Chaoyang University of Technology

Muppala Chiranjeevi*, Guruviah Velmathi

School of Electronics Engineering, VIT University, Chennai 600048, India


 

Download Citation: |
Download PDF


ABSTRACT


Many nocturnal insect pests exhibit positive phototaxis to the artificial lights of a certain wavelength. Identifying the phototaxis of pests is potentially useful for integrated pest management. This study examined the phototactic response of two major insect pests of paddy crops, yellow stemborer (YSB), Scirpophaga incertulas, and rice leaf folder (LF), Cnaphalocrocis medinalis moths (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Four monochromatic and three bichromatic surface mount device-light emitting diodes strips - ultraviolet (365 ± 5 nm), violet (400 ± 5 nm), blue (465 ± 5 nm), green (525 ± 5 nm), ultraviolet-violet (365 + 400 nm), violet-blue (400 + 465 nm), and ultraviolet-blue (365 + 465 nm) are used for the study. Based on the laboratory and field experiments, YSB moths showed the strongest attraction to ultraviolet (365 ± 5 nm) and LF attraction was highest to violet (400 ± 5 nm) lights. In bichromatic phototactic experiments, both species exhibited the strongest attraction to ultraviolet-violet (365 + 400 nm) lights. The influence of luminance intensity, adaption time in darkness, and light exposure time on the phototactic behavior of these moths are also tested. YSB and LF moths attraction rate increased with an increase in luminance intensity and violet (400 ± 5 nm) at 70 lx showed the strongest attraction. The light attraction rate of YSB was highest at 60 min of dark adaptation and 45 min of light exposure time, LF has a higher attraction rate at 60 min of dark adaptation and 30 min of light exposure time.


Keywords: Light trap, Surface mount device-light emitting diodes, Phototactic response, Rice leaf folder, Yellow stemborer.


Share this article with your colleagues

 


REFERENCES


  1.  Amit, K., Lal, M.N., Singh, A.K., Prasad C. 2012. Eco-friendly management of Scirpophaga incertulas. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 20, 211–212.

  2. Antignus, Y. 2000. Manipulation of wavelength dependent behaviour of insects: An IPM tool to impede insects and restrict epidemics of insect- borne viruses. Virus research, 71, 213–220.

  3. Bishop, A.L, Worrall, R., Spohr L.J., McKenzie, H.J., Barchia, I.M. 2004. Response of culicoides spp. (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) to light-emitting diodes. Australian Journal of Entomology, 43, 184–188.

  4. Briscoe, A.D., Chittka L. 2001. The evolution of color vision in insects. Annual review of entomology, 46, 471–510.

  5. Chen, Y., Luo, C.W., Kuang, R.P., Li, H.W., Chen, Z., Liu, Y.J. 2013. Phototactic behavior of the Armand pine bark weevil, Pissodes punctatus. Journal of Insect Science, 13, 3.

  6. Jeon, J.H., Kim, M.G, Lee, H.S. 2014. Phototactic behavior 4: Attractive effects of Trialeurodes vaporariorum adults to light-emitting diodes under laboratory conditions. Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry, 57, 197–200.

  7. Katsuki, M., Omae, Y., Okada, K. 2012. Ultraviolet light-emitting diode (UV LED) trap the West Indian sweet potato weevil, Euscepes postfasciatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Applied entomology and zoology, 47, 285–290.

  8. Khan, Z.R. 1991. World bibliography of rice stem borers 1794-1990. International Rice Research Institute.

  9. Kim, K.N., Huang, Q.Y., Lei, C.L. 2019. Advances in insect phototaxis and application to pest management: a review. Pest management science, 75, 3135–3143.

  10. Kim, K.N., Song, H.S., Li, C.S., Huang, Q.Y., Lei, C.L. 2018. Effect of several factors on the phototactic response of the oriental armyworm, Mythimna separata Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 21, 952–957.

  11. Kim, M.G., Lee, H.S. 2014. Phototactic behavior 5: Attractive effects of the angoumois grain moth, Sitotroga cerealella, to light-emitting diodes. Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry, 57, 259–262.

  12. Liao, H., Shi, L., Liu, W., Du, T., Ma, Y., Zhou, C., Deng, J. 2017. Effects of Light Intensity on the Flight Behaviour of Adult Tirumala limniace (Cramer) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Danainae). Journal of insect behavior, 30, 139–154.

  13. Liu, H., Gao, Z., Deng, S.Z., Cao, F.Q., Lu, Y.Y. 2018. The photokinesis of oriental fruit flies, Bactrocera dorsalis, to LED lights of various wavelengths. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 166, 102–112.

  14. Luo, C.W., Chen, Y. 2016. Phototactic behavior of scleroderma guani (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) - parasitoid of pissodes punctatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of insect behavior, 29, 605–614.

  15. Park, J.H., Lee, H.S. 2017. Phototactic behavioral response of agricultural insects and stored-product insects to light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Applied Biological Chemistry, 60, 137–144.

  16. Peitsch, D., Fietz, A., Hertel, H., De Souza, J., Ventura, D.F., Menzel, R. 1992. The spectral input systems of hymenopteran insects and their receptor-based colour vision. Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 170, 23–40.

  17. Sambaraju, K.R., Phillips, T.W. 2008. Responses of adult Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) to light and combinations of attractants and light. Journal of insect behavior, 21, 422–439.

  18. Shimoda, M., Honda, K.I. 2013. Insect reactions to light and its applications to pest management. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 48, 413–421.

  19. Wen, C., Ji, Y.C., Zhang, G.Y., Tan, S.B., Wen, J.B. 2018. Phototactic behaviour of Eucryptorrhynchus scrobiculatus and E. brandti (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) adults. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 28, 544–561.

  20. Yang, J.Y., Kim, M.G., Lee, H.S. 2012. Phototactic behavior: Attractive effects of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), tobacco cutworm, to high-power light-emitting diodes. Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry, 55, 809–811.

  21. Yang, J.Y., Sung, B.K., Lee, H.S. 2015. Phototactic behavior 8: phototactic behavioral responses of western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), to light-emitting diodes. Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry, 58, 359–363.

  22. Yang, Y.C., Lee, S.G., Lee, H.K., Kim, M.K., Lee, S.H., Lee, H.S. 2002. A piperidine amide extracted from piper longum L. Fruit shows activity against Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 50, 3765–3767.

  23. Yeh, N., Chung, J.P. 2009. High-brightness LEDs-Energy efficient lighting sources and their potential in indoor plant cultivation. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13, 2175–2180.

  24. Zheng, L.X., Zheng, Y., Wu, W.J., Fu, Y.G. 2014. Field evaluation of different wavelengths Light-emitting diodes as attractants for adult aleurodicus dispersus russell (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Neotropical entomology, 43, 409–414.


ARTICLE INFORMATION


Received: 2021-06-24
Revised: 2021-10-03
Accepted: 2021-11-05
Available Online: 2022-03-01


Cite this article:

Chiranjeevi, M.,  Guruviah Velmathi. 2022. Phototactic behavior of yellow stemborer and rice leaf folder moths to surface mount device-light emitting diodes of various wavelengths. International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, 19, 2021220. https://doi.org/10.6703/IJASE.202203_19(1).005 

  Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


We use cookies on this website to improve your user experience. By using this site you agree to its use of cookies.