International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering
Published by Chaoyang University of Technology

Kuo-Tsai Chang*

Department of Electrical Engineering, National United University, Miaoli 36003, Taiwan, R.O.C.


Download Citation: |
Download PDF


This paper investigates the design, construction and performance test of an ultrasonic clutch module which includes two piezoelectric vibrators, two support frames, a preload control unit, a carbon brush unit and a base. For the vibrators, one vibrator acts as a driving frictional member connected to a driving motor, and the other vibrator acts as a driven frictional member connected to a driven load. In doing so, the design and construction of the clutch module are first expressed. Then, operating principle of the clutch module based on near-field acoustic levitation is expressed. Moreover, a test system, including the clutch module, the driving motor, the driven load and an AC power supply unit, is constructed to evaluate the performance of the clutch module. The AC power supply unit comprises two AC power supplies and two control switches. Finally, effects of electrical conditions on the performance of the clutch module are measured and discussed.

Keywords: ultrasonic clutch; frictional member; piezoelectric vibrator

Share this article with your colleagues



[1] Liu, K. and Bamba, E. 1998. Frictional dynamics of the overrunning clutch for pulse-continuously variable speed transmissions: rolling friction. Wear, 217:208-214.

[2] Liu, K. and Bamba, E. 2005. Analytical model of sliding friction in an overrunning clutch. Tribology International, 38: 187-194.

[3] Tan, K. P., Stanway, R., and Bullough, W. A. 2006. Validation of dynamic torque response of an electrorheological (ER) clutch. Mechanical System and Signal Processing, 20: 463-492.

[4] Han, S.-S., Choi, S.-B., and Cheong, C.-C. 2000. Position control of X–Y table mechanism using electro-rheological clutches. Mechanism and Machine Theory, 35: 1563-1577.

[5] Monkman, G. J. 1997. Exploitation of compressive stress in electrorheological coupling. Mechatronics, 7: 27-36.

[6] Whittle, M., Atkin, R. J., and Bullough, W. A. 1995. Fluid dynamic limitations on the performance of an electrorheological clutch. Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 57:61-81.

[7] Lee, J. M., Kim, B. M., and Kang, C. G. 2006. A study on the cold ironing process for the drum clutch with inner gear shapes. International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture, 46: 640-650.

[8] Afferrante, L., Ciavarella, M., Decuzzi, P., and Demelio, G. 2003. Transient analysis of frictionally excited thermoelastic instability in multi-disk clutches and brakes. Wear, 254: 136-146.

[9] Zagrodzki, P. and Truncone, S. A. 2003. Generation of hot spots in a wet multidisk clutch during short-term engagement, Wear, 254: 474-491.

[10] Afferrante, L. and Decuzzi, P. 2004. The effect of engagement laws on the thermomechanical damage of multidisk clutches and brakes. Wear, 257: 66-72.

[11] Zhao, S., Wang, J, Wang, J, and He, Y. 2006. Expansion-chamber muffler for impulse noise of pneumatic frictional clutch and brake in mechanical presses. Applied Acoustics, 67: 580-594.

[12] Tanaka, H. and Wada, H. 1995. Electro-pneumatic clutch servomechanism and its fuzzy control for automated manual transmission. JSAE, 16: 212-217.

[13] Schulze, L. J. H, Congleton, J. J., Koppa, R. J., and Huchingson, R.D. 1995. Effects of pneumatic screwdrivers and workstations on inexperienced and experienced operator performance. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 16: 175-189.

[14] Nagrial, M. H. 1993. Design optimization of magnetic couplings using high energy magnets. Journal of Electric Machines and Power Systems, 21:115-126.

[15] Yonnet, J. P., Hemmerlin, S., Rulliere, E., and Lemarquand, G. 1993. Analytical calculation of permanent magnet couplings. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 29: 2932-2934.

[16] Albertz, D., Dappen, S., and Henneberger, G. 1997. Calculation of the induced currents and forces for a hybrid magnetic levitation system. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 33: 1263-1266.

[17] Charpentier, J. F. and Lemarquand, G. 1999. Optimal design of air-gap synchronous permanent magnet couplings. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 35: 1037-1046.

[18] Choi, C. and Park, K. 1999. Self-sensing magnetic levitation using a LC resonant circuit. Sensors and Actuators-A, 72: 169-177.

[19] Chang, K. T. and Ouyang, M.-S. 2005. Ultrasonic clutch. Patent No.: US6964327, USA.

[20] Chu, B. and Apfel, R. E. 1982. Acoustic radiation pressure produced by a beam of sound. Journal of Acoustic Society American, 72: 1673-1687.


Accepted: 2006-05-05
Available Online: 2006-08-25

Cite this article:

Chang, K.-T. 2006. Development of ultrasonic clutch module with piezoelectric vibrators. International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, 4, 205–213.

We use cookies on this website to improve your user experience. By using this site you agree to its use of cookies.