International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering
Published by Chaoyang University of Technology

Saurabh S. Jethva1, Mirosław J. Skibniewski2*

1 Former M.S. Student, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, USA

2 Professor, Project Management Center of Excellence, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, USA.; T.-S. Yang Honorary Distinguished Professor, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung, Taiwan


Download Citation: |
Download PDF


Despite the rising relevance of Design-Build as a favored project delivery method in the United States, no notable change has been observed in how these construction projects are managed, and the Waterfall Project Management method continues to be used as the preferred method of managing these projects. The applicability of Agile Project Management methods to the management of construction projects with Design-Build as a project delivery method has yet to be ascertained. Can Scrum, one of the Agile Project Management frameworks, be effectively used in managing a Design-Build construction project during the design and the construction phase? This study covers the adaptations necessary to apply Scrum to a Design-Build construction project and conducts a case study where Scrum was applied to part of a Design-Build construction project. The outcomes from this study show that the implementation of Scrum in a Design-Build construction project potentially leads to better cost and schedule control, along with superior communication amongst multiple stakeholders. This study is vital to advance knowledge about the applicability of Agile Project Management methods in other Design-Build construction projects during both the design and construction phases. Further research can be conducted by scaling the application of Scrum to a Design-Build construction project for the entire lifecycle.

Keywords: Agile project management, Construction engineering, Building retrofit.

Share this article with your colleagues



  1. Agile Alliance. 2019. Scrum of Scrums. Retrieved 2020-04-20 from

  2. Associated General Contractors of America. (n.d.). Integrated Project Delivery. Retrieved 2020-04-13, from

  3. Dallasega, P., Rojas, R.A., Bruno, G., Rauch, E. 2019.  An agile scheduling and control approach in ETO construction supply chains, Computers in Industry, 112, 103122, (

  4. DBIA. 2021. Retrieved from

  5. Demir, S. T., Theis, P. 2016. Agile Design Management - The Application of Scrum in the Design Phase of Construction Projects. Proc. 24th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, Boston, MA, USA, Sect.4, 13–22. Retrieved 2022-02-26 from

  6. Designing Buildings. (n.d.). Design intent. Retrieved 2020-04-23, from

  7. Denning, S. 2016. What Is Agile? Retrieved 2020-04-23 from

  8. Educba. (n.d.). Agile Frameworks. Retrieved 2020-04-20, from

  9. FMI Corporation. 2018. Design-Build Utilization. Retrieved 2020-04-23 from

  10. Iqbal, S. 2015. Leading construction industry to lean-agile (LeAgile) project management. Presented at the PMI® Global Congress 2015, EMEA, London, England. Newtown Square, PA: Project Management Institute. Retrieved 2022-02-26 from

  11. Jin, R. 2019. Current Management Approach. Sustainable Construction Technologies, 29–92. (

  12. Klein, C. 2009. An Agile Construction Project. Retrieved 2020-02-29, from

  13. KPMG. 2015. Global Construction Survey 2015: Climbing the curve. Retrieved 2020-04-23 from

  14. Lucidchart 2021. Rretrieved 2022-02-26.

  15. Manifesto for Agile Software Development. (n.d.). Retrieved 2020-04-15, from

  16. Mohammed, K.N., Karri, S.C. 2020, An analytical approach in the usage of agile methodologies in construction industries – a case study, Materials Today - Proceedings, 33, 475–479,

  17. Owen, R., Koskela, L., Henrich, G., Codinhoto, R. 2006. Is Agile Project Management Applicable to Construction? Proceedings of the 14th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, Santiago, Chile, 51–66. Retrieved 2022-02-26 from

  18. Owen, R. L., Koskela, L. 2006. Agile Construction Project Management. Retrieved 2020-04-23 from

  19. Paulson, Jr., B. 1976. Designing to Reduce Construction Costs. Journal of the Construction Division, 102, 587–592.

  20. pgluckwiki. (n.d.). ALDB Project Timeline [Illustration]. Retrieved 2020-04-03 from–build#/media/File:Aldbtimeline.jpg

  21. Rogelberg, S., Scott, C., Kello, J. 2007. The Science and Fiction of Meetings. MIT Sloan Management Review, 48. Retrieved 2022-02-26 from

  22. Schwaber, K., Sutherland, J. (n.d.). Scrum Guide | Scrum Guides. Retrieved 2020-03-01, from

  23. Sliger, M. 2011. Agile Project Management with Scrum. Presented at the PMI® Global Congress, North America, Dallas, TX. Retrieved 2022-02-26 from

  24. Sommer, H. 2016. Projektmanagement im Hochbau. New York, United States: Springer Publishing.

  25. Špundak, M. 2014. Mixed Agile/Traditional Project Management Methodology – Reality or Illusion? Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 119, 939–948.

  26. Stare, A. 2014. Agile Project Management in Product Development Projects. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 119, 295–304.

  27. Straçusser, G. 2015. Agile project management concepts applied to construction and other non-IT fields. Presented at the PMI® Global Congress 2015, North America, Orlando, FL. Newtown Square, PA: Project Management Institute. Retrieved 2022-02-26 from

  28. Streule, T., Miserini, N., Bartlomé, O., Klippel, M., de Soto, B. G. 2016. Implementation of Scrum in the Construction Industry. Procedia Engineering, 164, 269–276.

  29. Visual Paradigm. 2021 Retrieved 2022 -02-26 from:

  30. Wilson, F. 2018. Agile Construction Project Management – how to be an Agile construction team? Retrieved 2020-04-23 from


Received: 2020-09-07
Revised: 2021-10-26
Accepted: 2022-01-03
Available Online: 2022-03-01

Cite this article:

Jethva, S.S. , Mirosław J. SkibniewskiAgile Project Management for Design-Build Construction Projects: a Case Study. International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, 19, 2021216.

  Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

We use cookies on this website to improve your user experience. By using this site you agree to its use of cookies.