International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering
Published by Chaoyang University of Technology

Sheetal Agarwal a,1 and B.L. Swamib

Research Scholar, Department Malviya National Institute of Technology-Jaipur(Rajasthan)-INDIA-302017
Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Malaviya National Institute of Technolog,  Jaipur, India

Download Citation: |
Download PDF


Motorized road vehicles are the major source of noise; always responsible for creating annoyance among people. The present study is aimed to investigate the correlation between annoyance level and different noise indices and its impact on residents/community in terms of annoyance index. Noise and attitudinal response of local population were carried out at ten commercial road networks of the city. To define the noise annoyance quantitatively, a new point scale [i.e. Mean Dissatisfaction Score)(MDS)]has been used in the present study , a strong correlation was observed between percentage highly annoyed and various noise indices.

Keywords: Noise percentile levels; Noise annoyance; Traffic congestion; Noise annoyance index.

Share this article with your colleagues



  1. [1] Jakovljevic, B., Pavnovic, K. and Belojevic, G., 2009. Road-traffic noise and factors influencing noise annoyance in an urban population. Environment International, 35: 552-556.

  2. [2] Mischaud, D. S., Keith, S. E. and Mcmurchy, D., 2005. Noise annoyance in Canada, Noise and Health, 7, 27: 39-47.

  3. [3] Sato, T., Yano. T., Bjoerkman, M. and Rylander, R., 1999.Road traffic noise annoyance in relation to average noise level, number of events and maximum noise level. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 223, 5: 75-783.

  4. [4] Golmohammadi, R., Addaspour, M., Nassiri, P. and Mahjub, H., 2007, Road traffic noise model. Journal of Research in Health Sciences, 7, 1: 13-17.

  5. [5] World Health Organization (WHO).2005. Occupational and community noise. WHO-OMS. http:// /en/fact.html.

  6. [6] Phatak, V., Tripathi, B. D. and Mishra, V. K., 2008. Evaluation of traffic noise pollution and attitudes of exposed individuals in working place, Atmospheric Environment, 42: 3892-3898.

  7. [7] Zannin, P. H. T., Ferreria, A. M. C. and Szeremetta, B., 2006. Evaluation of noise pollution in urban parks. Environment Monititoring Assessment, 118: 423-433.

  8. [8] Alam, J. B., Alam, M. J. B., Rahman, M. M., Dikshit, A. K. and Khan, S. K., 2006. Study of traffic noise level of Sylhet by multiple regression analysis associated with health hazards. Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering., 3, 2: 71-78.

  9. [9] Kiernan, V., 1997. Noise pollution robs kids of language skills, New Scientist, 10, 5: 120-126.

  10. [10] Banerjee, D., Chakraborty, S. K., Bhattacharya, S. and Gangopadhyay, A., 2008. Evaluation and analysis of road traffic noise in Asansol: an industrial town of eastern India. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 5, 3: 165-171.

  11. [11] Griffiths, I.D., Langdon, F. J. and Swan, M. A., 1980. Subjective effects of traffic noise exposure: Reliability and seasonal effects. Journal Sound and Vibration, 71: 227-40.

  12. [12] Lambert, J., Simonnet, F. and Vallet, M., 1984. Patterns of behavior in dwellings exposed to road traffic noise. Jounal Sound and Vibration, 92: 159-72.

  13. [13] Bluhm, G., Nordling, E. and Berglind, N., 2004 Road traffic noise and annoyance: An increasing environmental health problem. Noise Health, 6: 43-9.

  14. [14] Boman, E., Enmarker, I. and Hygge, S., 2005. Strength of noise effects on memory as a function of noise source and age. Noise and Health, 7: 11-26.

  15. [15] Scultz, T., 1978. Synthesis of social surveys on noise annoyance. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 64: 377- 405.

  16. [16] Miedema, H. M. and Oudshoorn, C. G., 2001. Annoyance from transportation noise: Relationships with exposure metrics: DNL and DENL and their confidence intervals. Environmental Health Perspectives, 109: 409-16.

  17. [17] Sato, T, Yano, T, Bjorkman M, Rylander R., 1999.Road traffic noise annoyance in relation to average noise level, number of events and maximum noise level. Journal Sound and Vibration; 223:775- 84.

  18. [18] Mortensen, F. R. and Poulsen, T., 2001 Annoyance of low frequency noise and traffic noise. Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control; 20: 193-6.

  19. [19] Ouis, D., 2002. Annoyance caused by exposure to road traffic noise: An update. Noise Health 4:69-79.

  20. [20] Rylander, R., Bjorkman M. 2002. Road traffic noise annoyance and window orientation in dwellings. Journal Sound and Vibration, 249: 828-31.

  21. [21] Ali, S. A, Tamura A., 2003. Road traffic noise levels, restrictions and annoyance in Greater Cairo, Egypt. Applied Acoustics; 64: 815-23.

  22. [22] Jammarah, A., Omari, A. and Sharabi, R., 2006. Evaluation of traffic noise pollution in Amman, Jordan. Monit. Assess 120: 499-525.

  23. [23] Bengag, L. Tao, S., and Dawson, R. W., 2002. Evaluation and analysis of traffic noise from the main urban roads in Beijing. Applied Acoustics, 63: 1137-1142.

  24. [24] Ishiyama T, Tateishi K, Arai T., 1991. An analysis of traffic noise propagation around main roads in Tokyo. Noise Control Engineering Journal; 36: 65-72.

  25. [25] Scholes W. E., 1970. Traffic noise criteria. Applied Acoustics; 3: 1-21.

  26. [26] Langdon F. J. and Griffiths I. D., 1982. Subjective effects of noise exposure II: Comparisons of noise indices, response scales and the effect in changes in noise levels. Journal Sound and Vibration; 83: 171-80.

  27. [27] Phatak, V., Tripathi, B. D., and Mishra, V. K., 2008. Dynamics of traffic noise in a tropical city Varanasi and its abatement through vegetation. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 146: 67-75.

  28. [28] Sampath, S., Das, S. M., and Kumar, S. S., 2004. Ambient noise levels in major cities in Kerala. Journal of Indian Geophysical Union; 8(4): 293-298.

  29. [29] Agarwal, S. and Swami, B.L., 2010. Comprehensive approach for the development of traffic noise prediction model for Jaipur city. Environment Monitoring and Assessment; DOI: 10.1007/s 10661- 010-1320-z.

  30. [30] Padhy, P. K. and Padhi, B. K., 2008. Assessment of noise quality in Bolpur- Shantiniketan areas (India). Journal of Environmental Research and Development, 3, 1: 301-306.

  31. [31] Tripathi, B. D., Phatak, V. and Upadhayay, A. R., 2006. A case study on noise pollution in the city of Varanasi. Indian Journal of Environmental Protection; 31: 724-733.

  32. [32] Pandya, G. H. and Verma, R., 1997. Characterisation and measurement of noise levels in an urban environment. Indian Journal of Environmental Health, 39: 141-148.

  33. [33] Verma, S. L., and Dubey, B., 1988. Noise pollution by vehicles in some areas of Bhopal city, Environmental Engineering Division, 68: 73-78.

  34. [34] Agarwal, S., Swami, B. L., and Gupta, A. B., 2009. Development of noise prediction model under interrupted traffic flow condition for Jaipur city. Noise and Health, 11, 45: 189-193.

  35. [35] Choudhary, R., Patanayak, S. K., Gupta, A. B., Vyas, A. K .and Swami, B. L., 2003.Application and modification of FHWA model for noise prediction at congested commercial location of Jaipur city. Indian Journal of Environmental Protection, 23: 907-912.

  36. [36] Kumar K, Jain, VK. 1994. A study of noise in various modes of transport in Delhi. Applied Acoustics, 43: 57-65.

  37. [37] Singh BB, Jain V. K., 1995. A comparative study of noise levels in some residential, Industrial and commercial areas of Delhi. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment; 35: 1-11.

  38. [38] Anomohanran, O., Oghenerhoro, O. and Egbai, J. C., 2008. Investigation of environmental noise pollution level of Abraka in Delta state, Nigeria. Trends in Applied Science Research; 3, 4: 292- 297.

  39. [39] Aparicio, R. and Surez, M. M., 1993. Subjective annoyance caused by environmental noise. Journal of Environmental Pathology Toxicology and Oncology, 12: 237-243.

  40. [40] Onuu, M. U., and Menkiti, A. I., 1996. Analysis of Nigerian community response to road traffic noise. Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology; 3: 536-547.

  41. [41] Ozer, S., Yilmaz, H., Yesil, M. and Yesil,P., 2009. Evaluation of noise pollution caused by vehicles in the city of Tokat, Turkey. Scientific Research and Essay; 4, 11: 1205-1212.

  42. [42] Singal, S. P., 2005. “Noise pollution and control strategy”, Narosa Publication House Pvt. Ltd., New-Delhi. India.

  43. [43] Rao, R. P., and Rao, S. M. G., 1992. Environmental noise levels due to motor vehicular traffic in Visakhapatnam city. Acustica, 74: 291-295.


Accepted: 2010-04-29
Available Online: 2010-07-01

Cite this article:

Agarwal, S., Swami, B.L. 2010. Noise annoyance under interrupted traffic flow condition for jaipur city. International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, 7, 159–168.

We use cookies on this website to improve your user experience. By using this site you agree to its use of cookies.