International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering
Published by Chaoyang University of Technology

Mohammed Jaafar Ali Alatabe*, Mohammed Ali Rashid Hameed

Department of Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq


 

Download Citation: |
Download PDF


ABSTRACT


Exfoliate apricot kernels were collected and prepared for adsorbing the cyanide ions from the aqueous solution. Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) were utilized to describe the exfoliate apricot kernels. The adsorption experiments carried out were in a batch experiment, prepared 100 mL of cyanide solution for various temperature, pH, contact time, speed of mixer and dose of the adsorbent. The isotherms models were checked Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, and Harkins-Henderson, isotherm models. The isotherm coefficient of Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, and Harkins-Henderson models were 0.99, 0.8, 0.95 and 0.68 respectively. The Langmuir isotherm model best fitted for adsorption more than other models. The kinetic were studies pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, intra particle diffusion, and Elovich kinetic models. The kinetic(R2) constant for pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, intra particle diffusion, and Elovich were 0.989, 0.947, 0.969 and 0.904 respectively. Pseudo-first-order giving a better fit for the process.


Keywords: Cyanide ions, Exfoliate apricot kernels, Natural low-cost bio-sorbent, Models.


Share this article with your colleagues

 


REFERENCES


  1. Abbas, M. 2020. Experimental investigation of activated carbon prepared from apricot stones material (ASM) adsorbent for removal of malachite green (MG) from aqueous solution, Adsorption Science & Technology, 38, 24–45.

  2. Akcil, A. 2010. A new global approach of cyanide management: international cyanide management code for the manufacture, transport, and use of cyanide in the production of gold, Mineral Processing & Extractive Metallurgy Review, 31, 135–149.

  3. Alatabe, M. jaafar, 2018. Crystallization in phase change materials, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 4, 93–99.

  4. Alatabe, M. jaafar, 2018. A novel approach for adsorption of copper (II) ions from wastewater using cane papyrus, International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 10, 96–102.

  5. Alatabe, M.J. 2018. Adsorption of copper (II) ions from aqueous solution onto activated carbon prepared from cane papyrus, Pollution, 4, 649–662. doi: DOI: 10.22059/poll.2018.249931.377.

  6. Alatabe, M.J.A., Hussein, A. 2018. Adsorption of nickel ions from aqueaus solution using natural clay, Al-Nahrain Journal for Engineering Sciences, 21, 223–229.

  7. Alatabe, M.J.A., Kariem, N.O. 2019. Thorns, a novel natural plants for adsorption of lead (II) ions from wastewater equilibrium, isotherm, kinetics and thermodynamics, Eurasian Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 14, 163–174.

  8. Aliprandini, P., Veiga, M.M., Marshall, B.G., Scarazzato, T., Espinosa, D.C.R. 2020. Investigation of mercury cyanide adsorption from synthetic wastewater aqueous solution on granular activated carbon, Journal of Water Process Engineering, 34, 101154.

  9. Behnamfard, A., Salarirad, M.M. 2009. Equilibrium and kinetic studies on free cyanide adsorption from aqueous solution by activated carbon, Journal of hazardous materials, 170, 127–133.

  10. Brüger, A., Fafilek, G., Rojas-Mendoza, L. 2018. On the volatilisation and decomposition of cyanide contaminations from gold mining, Science of the Total Environment, 627, 1167–1173.

  11. Cheung, C.W., Porter, J.F., McKay, G. 2000. Elovich equation and modified second‐order equation for sorption of cadmium ions onto bone char, Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 75, 963–970.

  12. Dai, X., Breuer, P.L., Jeffrey, M.I. 2010. Comparison of activated carbon and ion-exchange resins in recovering copper from cyanide leach solutions, Hydrometallurgy, 101, 48–57.
  13. Dai, X., Jeffrey, M.I., Breuer, P.L. 2010. A mechanistic model of the equilibrium adsorption of copper cyanide species onto activated carbon, Hydrometallurgy, 101, 99–107.

  14. Dai, X., Simons, A., Breuer, P. 2012. A review of copper cyanide recovery technologies for the cyanidation of copper containing gold ores, Minerals Engineering, 25, 1–13.

  15. Dash, R.R., Gaur, A., Balomajumder, C. 2009. Cyanide in industrial wastewaters and its removal: a review on biotreatment, Journal of hazardous materials, 163, 1–11.

  16. Donato, D.B., Madden-Hallett, D.M., Smith, G.B., Gursansky, W. 2017. Heap leach cyanide irrigation and risk to wildlife: Ramifications for the international cyanide management code, Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 140, 271–278.

  17. Dunbar, K.R., Heintz, R.A. 1997. Chemistry of transition metal cyanide compounds: Modern perspectives, Progress in Inorganic Chemistry, 45, 283–392.

  18. Dwivedi, N., Balomajumder, C., Mondal, P. 2016. Comparative investigation on the removal of cyanide from aqueous solution using two different bioadsorbents, Water Resources and Industry, 15, 28–40.

  19. Eletta, O.A.A., Ajayi, O.A., Ogunleye, O.O., Akpan, I.C. 2016. Adsorption of cyanide from aqueous solution using calcinated eggshells: Equilibrium and optimisation studies, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 4, 1367–1375.

  20. Freundlich, H.M.F. 1906. Over the adsorption in solution, The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 57, 1100–1107.

  21. Gebresemati, M., Gabbiye, N., Sahu, O. 2017. Sorption of cyanide from aqueous medium by coffee husk: Response surface methodology, Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 15, 27–35.

  22. Guo, R., Chakrabarti, C.L., Subramanian, K.S., Ma, X., Lu, Y., Cheng, J., Pickering, W.F. 1993. Sorption of low levels of cyanide by granular activated carbon, Water Environment Research, 65, 640–644.

  23. Hadi, H.J., Al-zobai, K.M.M., Alatabe, M.J.A. 2020. Oil removal from produced water using imperata cylindrica as low-cost adsorbent, Current Applied Science and Technology, 494–511.

  24. Hattab, Z., Filali, N., Mazouz, R., Guerfi, K., Rebbani, N., Nafa, A., Kheriaf, S. 2016. Adsorption of cyanide ions in aqueous solution using raw and oxidized coke, Desalination and Water Treatment, 57, 3522–3531.

  25. Ho, Y.-S. 2006. Isotherms for the sorption of lead onto peat: comparison of linear and non-linear methods, Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 15, 81–86.

  26. Ho, Y.-S., McKay, G. 1999. Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes, Process Biochem., 34, 451–465.

  27. Ho, Y.-S., Ofomaja, A.E. 2006. Biosorption thermodynamics of cadmium on coconut copra meal as biosorbent, Biochemical Engineering Journal, 30, 117–123.

  28. Hussein, A.A., Alatabe, M.J.A. 2019. Remediation of Lead-Contaminated soil, using clean energy in combination with Electro-Kinetic methods, Pollution, 5, 859–869.

  29. Ibragimova, R.I., Grebennikov, S.F., Gur’yanov, V.V., Kubyshkin, S.A., Vorob’ev-Desyatovskii, N.V. 2013. Adsorption of [Au(CN)2]ions from aqueous solutions on an activated carbon surface, Protection of Metals and Physical Chemistry of Surfaces, 49, 402–407.

  30. Jaafar, M., Alatabe, A. 2019. Utilization of low cost adsorbents for the adsorption process of lead ions, International Journal of Modern Research in Engineering and Technology, 4, 29–48.

  31. Kaewkannetra, P., Imai, T., Garcia-Garcia, F.J., Chiu, T.Y. 2009. Cyanide removal from cassava mill wastewater using Azotobactor vinelandii TISTR 1094 with mixed microorganisms in activated sludge treatment system, Journal of hazardous materials, 172, 224–228.

  32. Kalipci, E., Namal, O.O. 2018. Removal of Cr(VI) using a novel adsorbent modification. Ultrasonic method with apricot kernel shells, Environment Protection Engineering, 44, 79–92.

  33. Krasilnikova, O.K., Artamonova, S.D., Voloshchuk, A.M., Yevsyukhin, A.E. 2005. Production of carbonaceous adsorbents from apricot kernels, Solid Fuel Chemistry, 39, 57–62.

  34. Kulig, K.W, Ballantyne, B. 1991. Cyanide toxicity. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Print.

  35. Kurama, H., Çatalsarik, T. 2000. Removal of zinc cyanide from a leach solution by an anionic ion-exchange resin, Desalination, 129, 1–6.

  36. Langmuir, I. 1916. The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 38, 2221–2295.

  37. Langmuir, I. 1917. The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. II. Liquids., Journal of the American Chemical Society, 39, 1848–1906.

  38. Langmuir, I. 1918. The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum., Journal of the American Chemical Society, 40, 1361–1403.

  39. Liu, Y. 2009. Is the free energy change of adsorption correctly calculated?, Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 54, 1981–1985.

  40. Lu, D., Chang, Y., Wang, W., Xie, F., Asselin, E., Dreisinger, D. 2015. Copper and cyanide extraction with emulsion liquid membrane with LIX 7950 as the mobile carrier: part 1, Emulsion stability, Metals (Basel)., 5, 2034–2047.

  41. Mbadcam, J.K., Ngomo, H.M., Tcheka, C., Rahman, A.N., Djoyo, H.S., Kouotou, D. 2009. Batch equilibrium adsorption of cyanides from aqueous solution onto copper-and nickel-impregnated powder activated carbon and clay, Journal of Environmental Protection Scince, 3, 53–57.

  42. Meenakshi, S., Viswanathan, N. 2007. Identification of selective ion-exchange resin for fluoride sorption, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 308, 438–450.

  43. Namal, O.O., Kalipci, E. 2020. Adsorption kinetics of methylene blue removal from aqueous solutions using potassium hydroxide (KOH) modified apricot kernel shells, International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 100, 1549–1565.

  44. Nourozi, R., NooriSepehr, M., Zarrabi, M. 2015. Adsorption of cyanide from aqueous solutions using magnetic hydroxyapatite nanoparticles synthesized by hydrothermal method: Equilibrium and kinetic study, Journal of Health, 5, 275–288.

  45. Pan, B., Xing, B. 2010. Adsorption kinetics of 17α-ethinyl estradiol and bisphenol A on carbon nanomaterials. I. Several concerns regarding pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order models, Journal of Soils and Sediments, 10, 838–844.

  46. Papari, F., Sahebi, S., Kouhgardi, E., Behresi, R., Hashemi, S., Asgari, G., Jorfi. S., Ramavandi, B. 2017. Cyanide adsorption from aqueous solution using mesoporous zeolite modified by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide surfactant., Desalination and Water Treatment, 97, 285–294.

  47. Parga, J.R., Shukla, S.S., Carrillo-Pedroza, F.R. 2003. Destruction of cyanide waste solutions using chlorine dioxide, ozone and titania sol, Waste Management, 23, 183–191.

  48. Paschka, M.G., Ghosh, R.S., Dzombak, D.A. 1999. Potential water-quality effects from iron cyanide anticaking agents in road salt, Water Environment Research, 71, 1235–1239.

  49. Saleh, T.A., Siddiqui, M.N., Al-Arfaj, A.A. 2016. Kinetic and intraparticle diffusion studies of carbon nanotubes-titania for desulfurization of fuels, Petroleum Science and Technology, 34, 1468–1474.

  50. Sarma, G.K., Gupta, S.S., Bhattacharyya, K.G. 2019. Nanomaterials as versatile adsorbents for heavy metal ions in water: a review, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 26, 6245–6278.

  51. Sheremata, T.W., Hawari, J. 2000. Mineralization of RDX by the white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium to carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide, Environmental Science & Technology, 34, 3384–3388.

  52. Simonin, J.-P., Bouté, J. 2016. Intraparticle diffusion-adsorption model to describe liquid/solid adsorption kinetics, Revista mexicana de ingeniería química, 15, 161–173.

  53. Sun, B., Long, Y., Chen, Z., Liu, S., Zhang, H., Zhang, J., Han, W. 2014. Recent advances in flexible and stretchable electronic devices via electrospinning, Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 2, 1209–1219.

  54. Vadi, M., Abbasi, M., Zakeri, M., Jafari, Y.B. 2011. Application of the Freundlich Langmuir Temkin and Harkins-Jura adsorption isotherms for some amino acids and amino acids complexation with manganese ion (II) on carbon nanotube, International Conference on Nanotechnology and Biosensors IPCBEE vol.2 © (2011) IACSIT Press, Singapore.

  55. Vadi, M., Abbasi, M., Zakeri, M., Yazdi, B.J. 2010. Application of the Freundlich Langmuir Temkin and Harkins-Jura adsorption isotherms for some amino acids and amino acids complexation with manganese kn(ll) on carbon nanotube, Journal of Physical & Theoretical Chemistry, 7, 33–42.

  56. Wu, F.-C., Tseng, R.-L., Juang, R.-S. 2009. Characteristics of Elovich equation used for the analysis of adsorption kinetics in dye-chitosan systems, Chemical Engineering Journal, 150, 366–373.

  57. Xie, F., Wang, W. 2017. Recovery of copper and cyanide from waste cyanide solutions using emulsion liquid membrane with LIX 7950 as the carrier, Environmental Technology, 38, 1961–1968.

  58. Zhang, D., Ma, Y., Feng, H., Hao, Y. 2012. Adsorption of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution using carbon-microsilica composite adsorbent, Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society, 57, 964–968.

  59. Zhang, Q.-A., Wu, D.-D., Wei, C.-X. 2019. Purification of amygdalin from the concentrated Debitterizing-Water of apricot kernelsusing XDA-1 resin, Processes, 7, 359.


ARTICLE INFORMATION


Received: 2020-02-26
Revised: 2021-04-15
Accepted: 2021-04-28
Publication Date: 2021-09-01


Cite this article:

Alatabe, M.J.A., Hameed, M.A.R. 2021. Exfoliate apricot kernels, natural low-cost bio-sorbent for rapid and efficient adsorption of CN- ions from aqueous solutions. Isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic models, International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering. 18, 2020043. https://doi.org/10.6703/IJASE.202109_18(5).003

  Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


We use cookies on this website to improve your user experience. By using this site you agree to its use of cookies.